Learnings about Environmental Philanthropy

Reflections from exploring a role working in the philantrophic sector

Learnings about Environmental Philanthropy
Photo by Li-An Lim

Recently I’ve been looking into finding a new home for some of my skills and experience. I’ve worked across design agencies, youth development, environmental conservation, tech startups and social labs, amongst others – my background is multi-disciplinary and multi-sectoral, so finding a vehicle through which I can serve wholly can be somewhat tricky. Yet I feel like I’ve made the call that creating my own entity from scratch isn’t the best use of time and energy at the moment – joining or partnering with an existing organisation to focus energy on working in complexity, to improve human wellbeing, restore biodiversity and/or address the climate emergency is a better move.

One of the organisations I’ve been speaking to, is a leader in the philanthropic scene in Australia. Speaking with them and preparing for the interviews has taken me on a learning journey into the philanthropic world, and which futures may lie ahead for the sector.

I thought I would share some fieldnotes for others to reflect on, and perhaps critique, too.

1) A Unique Role For Philanthropy

Often, philanthropic entities operate outside of the confines of current Policy-led grantmaking from Governments (be they Federal, State/Regional or Local), and as such play a vital role in funding the work of people, groups, projects and organisations who sit outside or in opposition to Policy positions.

In the Australian context, the Federal Government is actively fighting against recognising and acting on the climate and biodiversity emergencies. Whatever your analysis about why that might be (propping up a dying economic model, corporate interests, climate denial etc etc), there are a multitude of needs for funding in the environmental field for which that money will not be forthcoming without philanthropic / corporate social responsibility support.

These needs include advocacy, community transition projects, capacity & field building initiatives, innovation / experimental practices and projects, and more.

So what is the role for Philanthropy in this space?

The Australian Environmental Grantmakers Network prepared a Climate Change Briefing for Philanthropic Institutions, which is largely is a briefing note on accepted climate science, with a couple of paragraphs about the possibilities for Philanthropists to be independent, to use a climate lens across their grantmaking portfolios, and to scale up efforts:


As outlined in this article from The Conversation, Philanthropy may need to consider a portfolio which covers prevention, adaptation and also flow on damage from the worst outcomes of climate change:

Foundations are making climate change a bigger priority
The $4 billion that foundations are pledging to spend within five years amounts to less than 1 percent of what businesses and governments spend on global warming every year.

During my Masters research, which focused on environmental conservation sector, I indicated that Philanthropic money needed to flow into capacity building and innovation/experimentation initiatives, to re-build the sector to be able to address the new scale of the challenges:

Thesis Part 2: The Story Of The System | MDes, Sam Rye

Likewise, The JW McConnell Foundation recognise the role of building social R&D infrastructure and culture to enable the step changes needed to lift above the rising tide of challenges:

Getting to Moonshot: Inspiring R&D practices in Canada’s social impact sector - McConnell Foundation
Societal challenges are complex, borderless, dynamic. Canada has an unsustainable social outcomes spend. This explores how we can maximize social impact.

There is most definitely a role for philanthropic organisations to deliver stronger signals — both through funding this work directly, forming new collaborative funds, and also by being an outspoken force in policy circles, publicly, and through telling stories of positive impact.

Examples include:

Climate Justice Resilience Fund
The Climate Justice Resilience Fund helps women, youth, and indigenous peoples adapt to climate change and build resilience by implementing and scaling sustainable climate solutions. The CJRF supports “bottom-up,” frontline community-led approaches in the Bay of Bengal (India, Bangladesh), East Afri

2) Strategic Planning Vs Foresight

Many philanthropic institutions have followed the trend towards setting strategic plans for 3–5 horizons, to inform their activities. This probably doesn’t seem like a bad thing to most people, as strategic planning is so mainstream it’s not even questioned, despite it’s high failure rates.

However, we know that planning-based approaches (characterised by analyse-to-predict) to strategic work are less effective in an increasingly interconnected and complex world. Increasingly energy and resources around the world are being put into rigorous experimentation-based approaches (characterised by experiment-to-adapt) when people are working on complex issues such as energy use, sustainable oceans and mental health.

The Futures Cone - Image courtesy of Josef Voros

In this mode, exploring Futures (plural) through Foresight methods will be useful for Philanthropy to explore different scenarios. Foresight work often uses “Signals” which would indicate a trend towards a scenario (or scenarios) and thus indicate an appropriate strategic direction to increase the likelihood of achieving a preferable future.

Here are some useful starting points to think about Foresight in a Philanthropic context:

How funders can contribute to a better future: Strategic Foresight - SIX | Social Innovation Exchange
What do we mean by strategic foresight? Strategic foresight, in general, is the systematic exploration of possible futures to help inform present-day decision making. It looks beyond 3- and 5-year strategic plans to 20, 30, or even 50 years into the future. Strategic foresight does not mean predicting the future. We are not futurists or ... How funders can contribute to a better future: Strategic Foresight
Future-fit philanthropy: why philanthropic organisations will need foresight to leave lasting legacies of change - Alliance magazine
All philanthropic organisations exist to change the world, or at least a part of it. They are distinguished by their level of ambition – and by their optimism. But that makes them particularly susceptible to …

Complexity-informed Philanthropy?

Given an acceptance that we are increasingly seeing our worlds become more complex, and thus we are less able to predict the future – it begs the question how we should respond to complexity. I was surprised when the foundation President said that many applicants to the program officer role didn’t explicitly talk about systems or complexity in their covering letters or interviews.

It got me wondering what research is out there, so I was thankful to find a range of articles written about complexity and systems thinking in philanthropy.

I decided to take a stab at how I imagine Philanthropic Practice evolving, informed by these articles, complexity practice from other fields, and my own experience (see Appendix below for Complexity 101).

Systems Awareness

There’s an argument that philanthropic organisations could have a significant impact by making small changes to their grant making process — primarily, offering systems thinking capacity building to grantees.

By explicitly supporting grantees to develop systems awareness of their challenge, it is likely that this would change the way they approach the challenge to be more holistic (and this impactful). It would also likely incentivise collaboration with others who are working in and around the area they’re being funded for, as they begin to see the interconnections and potential for collective action. At least that was our experience with Lifehack, Enspiral and Collaboration Cafe in New Zealand.

Additionally, allowing scope for a portion of funds to be used for emergent interventions, derived from systems practice would be valuable. For example, whilst investigating a media-centric solution to increase mindfulness uptake, a team I worked with through Lifehack found a path to improve the depth of impact using their skills to partner with mindfulness practitioners, rather than create the media themselves. Under traditional funding structures, these important shifts are not covered, even if impact can be delivered in a different, more sustainable way.

Invest In The Relational Field

By Relational Field, I mean the fabric of trust and knowledge exchange between people. I wrote a bit about it here, where I outline the idea that by focusing on this fabric first, we will increase the quality and effectiveness of collaborative and collective action.

I believe there would be huge value in establishing small, temporal communities of practice, which nurture peer-learning across a portfolio. This could be enabled through lightweight infrastructure such as periodic face-to-face meetings or video calls, and digital communications forums such as Mobilize. The benefit of this would be to speed up learning and cross-pollinate insights and relationships through a grantee network — from our experience, this worked to deepen the impact each person could have, beyond the potential they would normally have operating in their existing context. There’s many models for this, including Systems SanctuaryEnrol Yourself, and Fellowship Programs like Year HereEchoing Green & Flourishing Fellowship.

In this model, a Philanthropic entity would also be able to act as a sense-maker across portfolios — a vital role in weaving networks and advancing knowledge and practice to spread more quickly.

Vary Leverage Points

There’s growing evidence that in complex systems, interventions from anywhere may influence significant shifts, as change is now understood to be non-linear.

This means that for an environmental portfolio, investment should look at multiple levels of leverage points (see links in Appendix), ideally in a coordinated fashion. This builds on the idea of targeted systems change which Odin Mühlenbein puts forward in his article ‘Systems Change — Big or Small?’ to fund a range of smaller initiatives which work towards a common goal.

Engagement & Participation

For the large part, funding decisions are made behind closed doors. Intelligent people make solid decisions, but they are often opaque for people on the other side.

Whilst contributing to building the Enspiral collective in New Zealand, we experimented with collaborative budgeting, whereby anyone could pitch a project openly to the group, and money was allocated across the portfolio of ideas, each month. This transparency allowed people to see other ideas early (and thus join/support/critique etc), see there wasn’t enough money to fund them all, and also boost our collective creativity. In short, it drastically increased engagement and participation.

To ease into this slowly, I would love to see Philanthropic organisations assign small portion of funds to collaborative grantmaking (which can easily be managed with tools like Cobudget). This would enable individuals and groups to apply for small scale seed funding for new initiatives with minimal compliance, but more importantly, increase transparency across the landscape of people and organisations who are supposed to be working towards common ends.


I don’t profess to be a philanthropy expert, but I am excited to explore how Philanthropy can play an important role in tackling the urgent environmental emergencies which we are now in the grip of.

We desperately need bold action matching the scale of the challenges that face us. We need new forms of organising, mobilising, and funding environmental initiatives, and this shift cannot be made without the financial assistance of leaderful people in the Philanthropic sector.


This is a quick list of links for further reading and listening.

Complexity Science 101

Dancing With Systems

Experimentation portfolios

Options in uncertainty - The Cynefin Co
In my last couple of posts I have been talking abound boundary conditions in Cynefin. I now want to extend that a into understanding operations in the complex domain. I’m not sure about this picture and I doubt it will survive a few presentations and discussions but it is a starting point. I’ve taken the […]
Working on the engine — using portfolio sensemaking to accelerate learning
by Diastika Rahwidiati
How We Use Experiments To Drive Insights
In this article, I outline how we developed an impact evaluation framework, and an experimentation practice which drove our ability to rapidly gain insight.
Furthering Experimentation Practice - Part I
Lately I’ve been thinking about the capabilities, process and frameworks needed for effective change work, as a continuation of a theme which has run through my work for 10+ years now - experimentation.

Non-linear change

The Black Swan: The Impact of the Highly Improbable
The most influential book of the past seventy-five year…
Seeing and Thinking in Three Horizons | H3Uni
It is quite natural to mull over ideas and visions for the future, however fanciful, while attending to day-to-day realities. H3Uni is founded on developing this capacity, available to everyone, as the basis for thinking clearly and purposefully about transformative regeneration. Three Horizons Thinking opens a visionary and practical method to articulate sought for future […]
Theory of Change and the Futures Cone. - Sjef van Gaalen
The first in maybe a series of posts mashing together and overcomplicating some simple diagrams. Today’s victims; Theory of Change and The Futures Cone. I will briefly introduce The Futures Cone, make a critical note on its depiction, and propose a new ‘P’. Then a brief introduction of Theory of Change before we mash some diagrams together and… Continue reading Theory of Change and the Futures Cone.

Leverage Points

Towards Targeted Systems Change
Modelling and communicating how to shift systems As I’ve written about in the recent past, [https://medium.com/mdes-environmental-social-impact] I focused my recently completed Masters of Design focused on a domain I’m particularly passionate about — environmental issues. This post aims to uncover some of the research, thinking and
Sensitive intervention points in the post-carbon transition

Philanthropy informed by Complexity

Exploring the new world: practical insights for funding, commissioning and managing in complexity - Collaborate
Today Collaborate CIC and Newcastle Business School (of Northumbria University) are excited to publish our new research into funding, commissioning and delivering in complex environments, supported by…
Systems change: A guide to what it is and how to do it - NPC
This guide has been produced to plug a gap in the systems change literature—providing accessible material and recommendations for action.
A Whole New World — Funding and Commissioning in Complexity - Collaborate
Collaborate and Newcastle University Business School Publish Research into Complexity-Friendly Funding An innovative research project designed to address the question ’how can charities and public…
Strategic Philanthropy for a Complex World (SSIR)
Foundations need to adopt a more emergent approach to strategic philanthropy.
Problematizing Scale in the Social Sector (1): Expanding Conceptions
The social innovation community is entranced by scale. But, what scale are we talking about?
Co-designing the Future of Philanthropy
Corporations are people — at least legally speaking. The dictionary defines “corporation” as a group of people authorized to act as a single entity, and united in one body for a common purpose. While the bread and butter of our work is understanding the lived experience of individuals on the margins, over the last few … Continued
Introducing the future of social R&D in Australia – TACSI
Alongside some brilliant thinkers in Australia and abroad, we’re exploring a new way to accelerate progress on tough social challenges.


Capon, N. (1996). Reviewed Work: The Rise and Fall of Strategic Planning by Henry Mintzberg. The Academy of Management Review, 21(1), 298–301. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/258641

Wiseman, J. (2018) Australian Environmental Grantmakers Network
Philanthropy Briefing — Climate Change. Retrieved from: https://www.aegn.org.au/2018/11/aegn-climate-briefing/

Wendelbo, M. (2018) Foundations are making climate change a bigger priority. The Conversation. Retrieved from: http://theconversation.com/foundations-are-making-climate-change-a-bigger-priority-104883

Rye, S. (2018) How might we improve the environmental and social outcomes of biodiversity conservation projects? Retrieved from: https://kanopi.gitbook.io/mdes-exegesis/

Tully, C and Pulford, L. (2019) Future-fit philanthropy: why philanthropic organisations will need foresight to leave lasting legacies of change. Alliance Magazine. Retrieved from: https://www.alliancemagazine.org/blog/future-fit-philanthropy-why-philanthropic-organisations-will-need-foresight-to-leave-lasting-legacies-of-change/

Junge, J. (2018) Strategic Foresight and Philanthropy. SIX. Retrieved from: https://socialinnovationexchange.org/insights/strategic-foresight-and-philanthorpy

van Oijen, L. (2016) Complexity from the perspective of philanthropic foundations and their evaluation practices. In Bamberger, M., Vaessen, J., & Raimondo, E. Dealing with complexity in development evaluation (pp. 347–362). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc doi: 10.4135/9781483399935

Rye, S. (2017) The Relational Field. Fieldnotes. Retrieved from: https://medium.com/fieldnotes-by-sam-rye/the-relational-field-7ef5c710bcb4

Gillies, L., York, J., Minkiewicz, J. (2018)
Philanthropy: Towards A Better Practice Model. Asia Pacific Social Impact Centre. Retrieved from: http://hdl.handle.net/11343/213874

Tulloch, G. (2018) Problematizing Scale in the Social sector (1): Expanding Conceptions. Retrieved from https://inwithforward.com/2018/01/expanding-conceptions-scale-within-social-sector/

Schulman, S. (2017) DEVELOP AND DELIVER: Making the case for social R&D infrastructure. Retrieved from https://inwithforward.com/2017/10/develop-deliver-making-case-social-rd-infrastructure/

Frederick, D. (2017) Podcast: How ‘Systems Thinking’ Can Change the Game on Hunger and Homelessness. Retrieved from: https://www.philanthropy.com/resources/audio/podcast-how-systems-thinking/6345/

Abercrombie, R., Harries, E., Wharton, R., & Lankelly Chase. (2015). Systems change: A guide to what it is and how to do it. NPC. Retrieved from: https://www.thinknpc.org/resource-hub/systems-change-a-guide-to-what-it-is-and-how-to-do-it/

Human Current. (2017) Episode 54: Reversing Complex Problems For Global Security. Retrieved from: http://www.human-current.com/episode-054-reversing-complex-problems-for-global-security

Human Current. (2018) Episode 75: Embracing Complexity An Interview With Jean Boulton. Retrieved from: http://www.human-current.com/episode-075-embracing-complexity-an-interview-with-jean-boulton

Meadows, D. (2001) Dancing With Systems. Retrieved from: http://donellameadows.org/archives/dancing-with-systems/

Rye, S. (2019) Towards Targeted Systems Change. Fieldnotes. Retrieved from: https://medium.com/fieldnotes-by-sam-rye/towards-targeted-systems-change-7f4db6febb51

Tonder, C. (2004) Exploring the nature of nonlinear organizational change: A case study of a ‘run-on-deposits’. Emergence: Complexity and Organization. Retrieved from: https://journal.emergentpublications.com/article/exploring-the-nature-of-nonlinear-organizational-change/

Snowden, D. (2017) Options in Uncertainty. Cognitive Edge. https://cognitive-edge.com/blog/options-in-uncertainty/

Rahwidiati, D. (2019) Working On The Engine Using Portfolio Sensemaking To Accelerate Learning. Regional Innovation Centre UNDP Asia-Pacific. Retrieved from: https://medium.com/@undp.ric/working-on-the-engine-using-portfolio-sensemaking-to-accelerate-learning-b7275accf419

Rye, S. (2015) How We Use Experiments To Drive Insight - Learnings about the practice of running a Social Lab. The Labs Wānanga. Retrieved from: https://medium.com/the-labs-wananga/lab-craft-how-we-use-experiments-to-drive-insight-b06ea3b3145f

NHS ACT Academy for their Quality, Service Improvement and Redesign suite of programmes. (2018) Safe to fail experiments. Retrieved from: https://improvement.nhs.uk/resources/safe-fail-experiments/

Snowden, D (2017) Safe to fail probes. Cognitive Edge. Retrieved from: https://cognitive-edge.com/methods/safe-to-fail-probes/

Future of Philanthropy (2018) Report: Future of Philanthropy. Retrieved from: https://www.thefutureofphilanthropy.org/#report

Davidson Knight, A., Lowe, T., Brossard, M., Wilson, J. (2017) A Whole New World: Funding and Commissioning in Complexity. Collaborate for Social Change. Retrieved from: https://collaboratecic.com/a-whole-new-world-funding-and-commissioning-in-complexity-12b6bdc2abd8

Lowe, T., Plimmer, D. (2019) Exploring the new world: Practical insights for funding, commissioning and managing in complexity. Retrieved from: https://collaboratecic.com/exploring-the-new-world-practical-insights-for-funding-commissioning-and-managing-in-complexity-20a0c53b89aa